December 21st, 2005


Православная библеистика

Статья о. А. Меня

Отрывок из книги о. Ф. Стилианопуло:
An Orthodox approach to the Bible does not concern itself with this or that particular methodology in biblical studies. Each methodology is to be valued on its own merits. It would be in any case presumptuous to claim methodological contributions in a field where Orthodox scholars are still learning from their Western colleagues. Rather, an Orthodox approach has to do with a comprehensive and balanced appreciation of Holy Scripture in its own nature, authority, and witness as the word of God, while at the same time being committed to standards of critical study and freedom of research. It may be proposed that such a perspective would include, among others, three major features.
The first is holistic study itself, integrating literary, historical, and theological aspects. Although the theological pertains to the essence of the Bible as Holy Scripture, the historical and literary aspects are to be properly valued as well because they are intrinsic to the biblical documents. And all aspects requite critical study on the grounds that inquiry after truth necessarily involves discerning insight and critical judgment. A holistic approach to Scripture is theologically anchored on the mystery of the incarnation of the Word (Logos) and the universality of the gospel, requiring openness to all peoples, all cultures, and all truth. It is an integrative perspective which takes seriously, not only a theology of redemption, but also a theology of creation. This is the vision of the great Church fathers from St. Justin the Martyr to the Cappadocians who were all first-rank scholars of their age and shirked from engaging neither faith with reason, nor gospel with the universal quest for truth. Among Orthodox theologians in the twentieth century it was, above all, the late Georges Florovsky who invoked this patristic vision of reality and coined the expression "neo-patristic synthesis" for the abiding task of theology in every age.